Taboola Reports Record Q4 and Full Year 2021 Results

  • 2021 Gross Profit grew 38% and ex-TAC Gross Profit grew 36% over 2020
  • Exceeded guidance across all financial measures
  • Q4 2021 Gross Profit and ex-TAC Gross Profit grew over 50%
  • Increasing 2022 guidance to $1.67 billion for Revenues, $556 million for Gross Profit, $665 million for ex-TAC Gross Profit and $204 million for Adjusted EBITDA, representing 30.7% Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit
  • Taboola to host its inaugural Investor Day on March 29, 2022, live stream will be available on Taboola’s investors website

NEW YORK, Feb. 22, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Taboola (Nasdaq: TBLA), a global leader in powering recommendations for the open web, helping people discover things they may like, today announced its results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2021.

“We closed 2021 with the strongest quarter in our history with record Revenues, ex-TAC Gross Profit and Adjusted EBITDA,” said Adam Singolda, Founder and CEO, Taboola. “We’ve continued our strong momentum, launching game changing products such as Homepage for You and SmartBid Dimensions, signing incredible partnerships such as McClatchy and Samsung and making great progress in our premium advertising offerings, including brands/agencies with video, as well as e-Commerce with the acquisition of Connexity. This all comes at a time when the future of advertising is transitioning from user-tracking to contextual, which is where Taboola shines. We are excited to carry this momentum into 2022 and we are laser focused on continual innovation and unlocking greater audience, engagement and monetization for our partners.”

For more commentary on the quarter, please refer to Taboola’s Q4 2021 Shareholder Letter, which was furnished to the SEC and also posted on Taboola’s website today at

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2021 Results Summary (unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year Ended
December 31,
(dollars in thousands) 2021   2020   2021   2020  % change YoY
Revenues$407,668  $351,294  $1,378,458  $1,188,893  15.9%
Gross Profit$143,642  $93,021  $441,071  $319,497  38.1%
Net Income (loss)$585  $2,753  $(24,948) $8,493  NM 
Ratio of Net Income (loss) to Gross Profit 0.4%  3.0%  (5.7%)  2.7% NM 
Cash Flow from Operations$22,968  $57,469  $63,521  $139,087  (54.3%)
Cash, cash equivalents and short-term deposits$319,319  $242,811  $319,319  $242,811  31.5%
Non-GAAP Financial Data*         
ex-TAC Gross Profit$169,210  $110,202  $518,863  $382,352  35.7%
Adjusted EBITDA$65,383  $32,993  $179,464  $106,193  69.0%
Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit 38.6%  29.9%  34.6%  27.8% 24.5%
Free Cash Flow$12,672  $53,375  $24,451  $121,313  (79.8%)

NM = Not Meaningful

Fourth Quarter Financial Highlights

Q4 results exceeded guidance across all financial measures

 Three Months Ended
December 31, 2021
Q4 Guidance
Revenues$408M$392 - $396M
Gross Profit$144M$129 - $132M
ex-TAC Gross Profit$169M$163 - $165M
Adjusted EBITDA$65M$61 - $63M
  • Revenues grew $56 million or 16% year-over-year.
    • New digital property partners1 drove $21 million of growth.
    • Existing digital property partners2 grew $35 million which translates to net dollar retention3 - of 110% driven by improvement in yield as well as the inclusion of Connexity revenue.
  • Gross Profit grew $51 million or 54.4% year-over-year and ex-TAC Gross Profit grew $59 million or 53.5% year-over-year.
    • Growth driven by new digital properties and strong yield improvements as well as from inclusion of Connexity in our Q4 2021 results.
    • Contributing to the year-over-year increase was the voluntary repayment in Q4 of the prior year of $17 million in guaranteed TAC payments withheld in Q2 and Q3 of 2020.
  • Operating expenses grew $38 million or 44.1% year-over-year. The drivers include the inclusion of Connexity expenses, increase in amortization related to intangibles from the Connexity acquisition and higher public company expenses.
  • Net income of $0.6 million compared to net income of $2.8 million in Q4 2020.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $65 million increased by $32 million year-over-year as higher gross profit more than offset higher operating expenses.
  • EPS was $0.00 per diluted share in the fourth quarter. The EPS was based on fully-diluted shares outstanding of 272 million.
  • Cash Flow from Operations decreased $35 million year-over-year and Free Cash Flow decreased $41 million year-over-year reflecting in part higher publisher prepayments due to the timing of renewals as well as higher tax payments.

1New digital property partners within the first 12 months that were live on our network.

2Net growth of existing digital property partners, including the growth of new digital property partners (beyond the revenue contribution determined based on the run-rate revenue generated by them when they are first on-boarded).

3Net Dollar Retention is the net growth of existing digital property partners for the given period divided by the revenues from the same period in the prior-year.

First Quarter and Full Year 2022 Guidance

The Company’s strong fourth quarter results provide us confidence to raise our full year 2022 guidance above our previous guidance.

For the First Quarter 2022, the Company currently expects:

  • Revenues of $353 to $359 million
  • Gross Profit of $108 to $112 million
  • ex-TAC Gross Profit of $134 to $138 million
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $32 to $34 million
  • Non-GAAP Net Income of $12 to $14 million

For the Full Year 2022, the Company currently expects:

(dollars in millions)Increased Guidance
(as of 02/22/22)
Year over Year
Previous Guidance
(as of 9/28/21)
Revenues$1,666 - $1,67821% - 22%$1,588 - $1,633
Gross Profit$552 - $56025% - 27%$530 - $550
ex-TAC Gross Profit$661 - $66927% - 29%$645 - $665
Adjusted EBITDA$195 - $2139% - 19%$193 - $213
Non-GAAP Net Income$111 - $129NANA

Although we provide guidance for Adjusted EBITDA and Non-GAAP Net Income, we are not able to provide guidance for projected Net income (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Certain elements of Net income (loss), including share-based compensation expenses and warrant valuations, are not predictable due to the high variability and difficulty of making accurate forecasts. As a result, it is impractical for us to provide guidance on Net Income (loss) or to reconcile our Adjusted EBITDA and Non-GAAP Net Income guidance without unreasonable efforts. Consequently, no disclosure of projected Net income (loss) is included. For the same reasons, we are unable to address the probable significance of the unavailable information.

Our guidance assumes that the global economy continues to recover, with no major COVID-19 related or other setbacks that may cause economic conditions to deteriorate or significantly reduce advertiser demand.

Webcast Details

Taboola's senior management team will discuss the Company's earnings on a call that will take place tomorrow, February 23, 2022, at 8:30 AM ET. The call can be accessed via webcast at, or by conference call by dialing (877) 312-1874, or (470) 495-9527 for international callers, and entering the conference ID 5188107. The webcast will be available for replay for one year, through the close of business on February 22, 2023.

Q1 Conference Schedule:

Taboola management is scheduled to participate in the following conferences in the first quarter:

  • Susquehanna Eleventh Annual Technology Conference on March 3rd (virtual meetings)
  • JMP Securities Technology Conference on March 7th in San Francisco
  • KeyBanc Emerging Tech Summit on March 8th in San Francisco
  • Deutsche Bank Media, Internet and Telecom Conference on March 15th in Palm Beach, Florida

*About Non-GAAP Financial Information

This press release includes ex-TAC Gross Profit, Adjusted EBITDA, Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit, Free Cash Flow and Non-GAAP Net Income, which are non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are not measures of financial performance in accordance with GAAP and may exclude items that are significant in understanding and assessing the Company’s financial results. Therefore, these measures should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to revenues, gross profit, net income, cash flows from operations or other measures of profitability, liquidity or performance under GAAP. You should be aware that the Company’s presentation of these measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures used by other companies.

Non-GAAP Net Income guidance, a new metric used in this press release as part of Q1 2022 guidance, is presented to provide insight to projected future results excluding revaluation of warrant liability, share-based compensation expenses, M&A costs, amortization of acquired intangibles and related income tax effects. The type of adjustments made may vary from period to period.

The Company believes non-GAAP financial measures provide useful supplemental information to management and investors regarding future financial and business trends relating to the Company. The Company believes that the use of these measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating operating results and trends and in comparing the Company’s financial measures with other similar companies, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors. Non-GAAP financial measures are subject to inherent limitations because they reflect the exercise of judgments by management about which items are excluded or included in calculating them, which may vary from period to period. Please refer to the appendix at the end of this press release for reconciliations to the most directly comparable measures in accordance with GAAP.

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events including future financial or operating performance of Ltd. (the “Company”). In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expect”, “intend”, “will”, “estimate”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “predict”, “potential” or “continue”, or the negatives of these terms or variations of them or similar terminology. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward looking statements.

These forward-looking statements are based upon estimates and assumptions that, while considered reasonable by the Company and its management, are inherently uncertain. Uncertainties and risk factors that could affect the Company’s future performance and cause results to differ from the forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to: the ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the recent acquisition of Connexity and the business combination between the Company and ION Acquisition Corp. 1 Ltd. (together, the “Business Combinations”), which may be affected by, among other things, competition, the ability of the Company to grow and manage growth profitably, maintain relationships with customers and retain its management and key employees; the Company’s ability to successfully integrate the Connexity acquisition; costs related to the Business Combinations; changes in applicable laws or regulations; the Company’s estimates of expenses and profitability and underlying assumptions with respect to accounting presentations and purchase price and other adjustments; ability to attract new digital properties and advertisers; ability to meet minimum guarantee requirements in contracts with digital properties; intense competition in the digital advertising space, including with competitors who have significantly more resources; ability to grow and scale the Company’s ad and content platform through new relationships with advertisers and digital properties; ability to secure high quality content from digital properties; ability to maintain relationships with current advertiser and digital property partners; ability to make continued investments in the Company’s AI-powered technology platform; the need to attract, train and retain highly-skilled technical workforce; changes in the regulation of, or market practice with respect to, “third party cookies” and its impact on digital advertising; continued engagement by users who interact with the Company’s platform on various digital properties; the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; reliance on a limited number of partners for a significant portion of the Company’s revenue; changes in laws and regulations related to privacy, data protection, advertising regulation, competition and other areas related to digital advertising; ability to enforce, protect and maintain intellectual property rights; and risks related to the fact that we are incorporated in Israel and governed by Israeli law; and other risks and uncertainties set forth in the section entitled “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in the Company’s registration statement on Form F-1, as amended, and in subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Nothing in this press release should be regarded as a representation by any person that the forward-looking statements set forth herein will be achieved or that any of the contemplated results of such forward-looking statements will be achieved. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they were made. The Company undertakes no duty to update these forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.

About Taboola
Taboola powers recommendations for the open web, helping people discover things they may like.

The company’s platform, powered by artificial intelligence, is used by digital properties, including websites, devices and mobile apps, to drive monetization and user engagement. Taboola has long-term partnerships with some of the top digital properties in the world, including CNBC, BBC, NBC News, Business Insider, The Independent and El Mundo.

More than 14,000 advertisers use Taboola to reach over 500 million daily active users in a brand-safe environment. Following the acquisition of Connexity in 2021, Taboola is a leader in powering e-commerce recommendations, driving more than 1 million monthly transactions each month. Leading brands including Walmart, Macy’s, Wayfair, Skechers and eBay are among key customers.

Learn more at and follow @taboola on Twitter.

Investor Contact:Press Contact:
Jennifer HorsleyDave Struzzi

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data

 December 31, December 31,
 2021 2020
 Unaudited Unaudited
Cash and cash equivalents$319,319 $242,811
Restricted deposits 1,000  3,664
Trade receivables 245,235  158,050
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 63,394  21,609
Total current assets 628,948  426,134
Long-term prepaid expenses 32,926  5,289
Restricted deposits 3,897  3,300
Deferred tax assets 1,876  1,382
Right of use assets 65,105  68,058
Property and equipment, net 63,259  52,894
Intangible assets, net 252,498  3,905
Goodwill 549,338  19,206
TOTAL LONG-TERM ASSETS 968,899  154,034
Total assets$1,597,847 $580,168

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data

 December 31, December 31,
  2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Trade payables$261,557  $189,352 
Lease liability 12,958   15,746 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 123,046   95,135 
Loan 3,000   - 
Total current liabilities 400,561   300,233 
Deferred tax liabilities 51,560   45 
Warrant liability 31,227   - 
Loan 285,402   - 
Lease liability 61,526   63,044 
Total long-term liabilities 429,715   63,089 
Preferred A, B, B-1, B-2, C, D and E shares with no par value - Authorized: 0 and 123,389,750 shares at December 31, 2021 and at December 31, 2020 respectively; Issued and outstanding: 0 and 121,472,152 shares at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 respectively. -   170,206 
Ordinary shares with no par value- Authorized: 700,000,000 and 176,535,661 shares as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 respectively; 234,031,897 and 41,357,049 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. -   - 
Additional paid-in capital 824,016   78,137 
Accumulated deficit (56,445)  (31,497)
Total shareholders' equity 767,571   46,640 
Total liabilities, convertible preferred shares, and shareholders' equity$1,597,847  $580,168 

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Revenues$407,668  $351,294  $1,378,458  $1,188,893 
Cost of revenues:       
Traffic acquisition cost 238,458   241,092   859,595   806,541 
Other cost of revenues 25,568   17,181   77,792   62,855 
Total cost of revenues 264,026   258,273   937,387   869,396 
Gross profit 143,642   93,021   441,071   319,497 
Operating expenses:       
Research and development expenses 34,044   34,031   117,933   99,423 
Sales and marketing expenses 59,127   34,246   206,089   133,741 
General and administrative expenses 31,826   18,478   130,314   60,140 
Total operating expenses 124,997   86,755   454,336   293,304 
Operating income (loss) before finance expenses 18,645   6,266   (13,265)  26,193 
Finance income (expenses), net (1,783)  (1,703)  11,293   (2,753)
Income (loss) before income taxes 16,862   4,563   (1,972)  23,440 
Provision for income taxes (16,277)  (1,810)  (22,976)  (14,947)
Net income (loss)$585  $2,753  $(24,948) $8,493 
Less: Undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities -   (5,885)  (11,944)  (22,932)
Net Income (loss) attributable to ordinary shares – basic and diluted$585  $(3,132) $(36,892) $(14,439)
Net Income (loss) per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic$0.00  $(0.08) $(0.26) $(0.36)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income (loss) per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic 243,850,858   40,372,255   142,883,475   40,333,870 
Net income (loss) per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, diluted$0.00  $(0.08) $(0.26) $(0.36)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income (loss) per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, diluted 271,857,016   40,372,255   142,883,475   40,333,870 

U.S. dollars in thousands

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Cost of revenues$794  $209  $1,891  $788 
Research and development 8,738   12,148   29,022   16,491 
Sales and marketing 4,518   2,528   44,834   6,930 
General and administrative 9,474   2,379   52,210   4,068 
Total share-based compensation expense$23,523  $17,264  $127,957  $28,277 

U.S. dollars in thousands

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Cost of revenues$8,590  $5,749  $27,417  $22,520 
Research and development 704   469   3,574   6,573 
Sales and marketing 13,709   895   21,267   4,118 
General and administrative 58   (4)  853   746 
Total depreciation and amortization expense$23,061  $7,109  $53,111  $33,957 

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Cash flows from operating activities:       
Net income (loss)$585  $2,753  $(24,948) $8,493 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows provided by operating activities:       
Depreciation and amortization 23,061   7,109   53,111   33,957 
Share based compensation expenses 23,523   17,264   127,957   28,277 
Net gain from financing expenses (463)  (2,381)  (2,320)  (3,318)
Revaluation of the warrant liability (5,565)  -   (22,656)  - 
Accrued interest, net 283   1   402   520 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:       
Increase in trade receivables (54,657)  (41,136)  (40,113)  (3,294)
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets and long-term prepaid expenses (26,544)  3,144   (64,923)  17,975 
Increase in trade payables 52,663   50,830   25,478   23,434 
Increase in accrued expenses and other current liabilities 14,026   18,887   14,566   34,344 
Decrease in deferred taxes, net (4,297)  (1,745)  (1,581)  (3,380)
Change in operating lease right of use assets 3,651   3,615   14,529   13,758 
Change in operating lease liabilities (3,298)  (872)  (15,981)  (11,679)
Net cash provided by operating activities 22,968   57,469   63,521   139,087 
Cash flows from investing activities       
Purchase of property and equipment, including capitalized platform costs (10,296)  (4,094)  (39,070)  (17,774)
Cash paid in connection with acquisitions, net of cash acquired (171)  -   (583,457)  (202)
Decrease (increase) in restricted deposits (258)  (172)  2,067   (104)
Decrease in short-term deposits -   -   -   28,963 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (10,725)  (4,266)  (620,460)  10,883 
Cash flows from financing activities       
Exercise of options and vested RSUs 2,539   1,554   10,018   2,603 
Issuance of share, net of offering costs (792)  -   285,378   - 
Payments of tax withholding for share based compensation (6,152)  -   (6,152)  - 
Issuance of warrant -   -   53,883   - 
Proceeds from long term loans, net of debt issuance cost -   -   288,750   - 
Repayment of short term loan (750)  -   (750)  - 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (5,155)  1,554   631,127   2,603 
Exchange differences on balances of cash and cash equivalents 463   2,381   2,320   3,318 
Increase in cash and cash equivalents 7,551   57,138   76,508   155,891 
Cash and cash equivalents - at the beginning of the period 311,768   185,673   242,811   86,920 
Cash and cash equivalents - at end of the period$319,319  $242,811  $319,319  $242,811 

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:    
Cash paid during the year for:       
Income taxes$1,997  $497  $15,475  $9,980 
Interest$-  $129  $1,125  $715 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:       
Purchase of property and equipment, including capitalized platform costs$1,120  $1,879  $1,120  $1,879 
Creation of operating lease right-of-use assets$6,902  $3,440  $4,520  $14,635 
Deferred offering costs incurred during the period included in the Long-term prepaid expenses$-  $2,096  $-  $2,096 
Fair value of ordinary shares issued as consideration of the acquisition$-  $-  $157,689  $- 

APPENDIX A: Non-GAAP Reconciliation



The following table provides a reconciliation of Revenues to ex-TAC Gross Profit.

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
 (dollars in thousands) (dollars in thousands)
Revenues$407,668  $351,294  $1,378,458  $1,188,893 
Traffic acquisition cost 238,458   241,092   859,595   806,541 
Other cost of revenues 25,568   17,181   77,792   62,855 
Gross Profit$143,642  $93,021  $441,071  $319,497 
Add back: Other cost of revenues 25,568   17,181   77,792   62,855 
ex-TAC Gross Profit$169,210  $110,202  $518,863  $382,352 

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA.

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
 (dollars in thousands) (dollars in thousands)
Net Income (loss)$585  $2,753  $(24,948) $8,493 
Adjusted to exclude the following:       
Financial expenses (income), net 1,783   1,703   (11,293)  2,753 
Tax expenses 16,277   1,810   22,976   14,947 
Depreciation and amortization 23,061   7,109   53,111   33,957 
Share-based compensation expenses (1) 20,641   17,264   124,235   28,277 
M&A costs (2) 154   2,354   11,661   17,766 
Holdback compensation expenses (3) 2,882   -   3,722   - 
Adjusted EBITDA$65,383  $32,993  $179,464  $106,193 

1For the 2021 periods, a substantial majority is Share-based compensation expenses related to going public.

2 For 2020 periods, represents costs associated with the proposed strategic transaction with Outbrain Inc.which we elected not to consummate, and for 2021 periods, relates to the acquisition of ION Acquisition Corp. 1 Ltd., the acquisition of Connexity and going public.

3 Represents share based compensation due to holdback of Taboola ordinary shares issuable under compensatory arrangements relating to Connexity acquisition.

We calculate Ratio of Net income (loss) to Gross profit as Net income (loss) divided by Gross profit. We calculate the Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit, a non-GAAP measure, as Adjusted EBITDA divided by ex-TAC Gross Profit. We believe that the Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit is useful because TAC is what we must pay digital properties to obtain the right to place advertising on their websites, and we believe focusing on ex-TAC Gross Profit better reflects the profitability of our business. The following table reconciles Ratio of Net income (loss) to Gross Profit and Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to ex-TAC Gross Profit for the period shown.

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
 (dollars in thousands) (dollars in thousands)
Gross Profit$143,642  $93,021  $441,071  $319,497 
Net Income (loss)$585  $2,753  $(24,948) $8,493 
Ratio of Net income (loss) to Gross profit 0.4%  3.0%  (5.7%)  2.7%
ex-TAC Gross Profit$169,210  $110,202  $518,863  $382,352 
Adjusted EBITDA$65,383  $32,993  $179,464  $106,193 
Ratio of Adjusted EBITDA Margin to ex-TAC Gross Profit 38.6%  29.9%  34.6%  27.8%

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow.

 Three months ended
December 31,
 Year ended
December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020 
 Unaudited Unaudited
 (dollars in thousands) (dollars in thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities$22,968  $57,469  $63,521  $139,087 
Purchases of property and equipment, including capitalized platform costs (10,296)  (4,094)  (39,070)  (17,774)
Free Cash Flow$12,672  $53,375  $24,451  $121,313 

APPENDIX A: Non-GAAP Reconciliation



The following table provides a reconciliation of Gross Profit to ex-TAC Gross Profit guidance.

  Q1 2022  FY 2022 
  (dollars in millions)
Revenues $353 - $359  $1,666 - $1,678 
Traffic acquisition cost ($218 - $222) ($1,003 - $1,011)
Other cost of revenues ($25 - $27) ($106 - $112)
Gross Profit $108 - $112  $552 - $560 
Add back: Other cost of revenues $25 - $27  $106 - $112 
ex-TAC Gross Profit $134 - $138  $661 - $669 

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